JACS paper!

Under leadership of Akihiro Uehara a combined electrochemical/X-ray absorption spectroscopy study deconstructing the famous Brust-Schiffrin synthesis of gold nanoparticles has been carried out. The results elucidates some of the transformations taking place during this two-phase synthesis. The results show that the reaction at the oil-water interface includes a time dependent evolution of the Au(I) species formed as intermediates, and identifies the nature of the (also time dependent) thiolate side products.

Electrochemical Insight into the Brust-Schiffrin Synthesis of Au Nanoparticles
A. Uehara, S. G. Booth, S.-Y. Chang, S. L. M. Schroeder, T. Imai, T. Hashimoto, J. F. W. Mosselmans & R. A. W. Dryfe
Journal of the American Chemical Society 137 (2015) 15135–15144.
DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b07825

Congratulations Chris!

Congratulations are in order to our group member Chris Maher, who passed his PhD viva today subject to only minor corrections to his dissertation entitled “OPTIONS FOR TREATMENT OF LEGACY AND ADVANCED NUCLEAR FUELS”.

Paper on Novel Spectroelectrochemical Technique

A windowless electrochemical cell for the spectroscopic investigation of the liquid-liquid interface, using a dual droplet configuration, has been designed. The setup permits in situ probing of the bulk solutions and the interfacial region by fibre-optic UV-vis spectroscopy, microfocus X-ray fluorescence (XRF) elemental mapping, and microfocus X-ray absorption near-edge structure (micro-XANES) spectroscopy. The electrodeposition of Au, induced by ion transfer of the tetrachloroaurate complex from a halogenated solvent (containing a weak reducing agent) to the aqueous phase, has been monitored by a combination of the three techniques. The reaction can be followed in-situ by UV-vis spectroscopy by detecting the oxidised form of the reducing agent. Voltammetric evidence suggests the formation of interfacial Au(I) species, whereas micro-XANES detect the presence of metallic Au(0).

In Situ Spectroelectrochemistry at Free-Standing Liquid-Liquid Interfaces: UV-vis Spectroscopy, Microfocus X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Fluorescence Imaging
Y. Gründer, J.F.W. Mosselmans, S.L.M. Schroeder & R.A.W. Dryfe
Journal of Physical Chemistry C 117 (2013), 5765–5773.
DOI:10.1021/jp312060f

New publication: gold nanoparticle nucleation at liquid/liquid interfaces

The first publication from the EPSRC/NSF collaboration has appeared in press:

Inhibited and Enhanced Nucleation of Gold Nanoparticles at the Water|1,2-Dichloroethane Interface
Y. Gründer, H.L.T. Ho, J.F.W. Mosselmans, S.L.M. Schroeder, R.A.W. Dryfe
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 13 (2011), 15681-15689.
DOI:10.1039/C1CP21536A