Congratulations, Dr Chang!

Our group member Sin-Yuen Chang has passed her PhD viva subject to very minor corrections, and has already submitted the revised thesis, titled “Studies of Metal Speciation and Nucleation in Complex Functional Liquid Systems“. Sin-Yuen has already taken up a position at Diamond Light Source, and a visiting appointment at the University of Leeds, through which she will continue to collaborate with our team. Congratulations , Dr Chang!

JACS paper!

Under leadership of Akihiro Uehara a combined electrochemical/X-ray absorption spectroscopy study deconstructing the famous Brust-Schiffrin synthesis of gold nanoparticles has been carried out. The results elucidates some of the transformations taking place during this two-phase synthesis. The results show that the reaction at the oil-water interface includes a time dependent evolution of the Au(I) species formed as intermediates, and identifies the nature of the (also time dependent) thiolate side products.

Electrochemical Insight into the Brust-Schiffrin Synthesis of Au Nanoparticles
A. Uehara, S. G. Booth, S.-Y. Chang, S. L. M. Schroeder, T. Imai, T. Hashimoto, J. F. W. Mosselmans & R. A. W. Dryfe
Journal of the American Chemical Society 137 (2015) 15135–15144.
DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b07825

Sustainable Heavy Metal Removal from Mining Effluents

We have just published a study of sustainable heavy metal removal from copper mining effluents in Chile by use of bark chips, a sustainable by-product of the local forestry industry.

Sustainable Natural Adsorbents for Heavy Metal Removal from Wastewater: Lead Sorption on Pine Bark (Pinus Radiata D.Don)
G. Montes-Atenas & S. L. M. Schroeder
Surface & Interface Analysis 47 (2015) 996-1000.
DOI: 10.1002/sia.5807

Sweet X-ray spectroscopy

We recently realised that Near-edge X-ray absorption fine-structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy at the C K-edge can distinguish between different saccharides because minute variations in average C-O bond lengths manifest as detectable shifts of the shape resonances associated with these bonds. This opens up the possibility for novel analytical approaches, for example to identify different types of sugars in drug formulations or foods:

NEXAFS Sensitivity to Bond Lengths in Complex Molecular Materials: A Study of Crystalline Saccharides
A. Gainar, J. S. Stevens, C. Jaye, D. A. Fischer & S. L. M. Schroeder
Journal of Physical Chemistry B 119 (2015), in press.

Congratulations Dr Indar!

Our team member Devon Indar has just received official notification that he has been awarded a PhD for his diessertation on the “Oxidation of Alcohols Using Heterogeneous Au/TiO2 Catalysts”. Congratulations Devon!

2015 Publications So Far…

The group has had a good run of publications this year. So far our 2015 output of papers includes:

Intermolecular Bonding of Hemin in Solution and in Solid State Probed by N K-edge X-ray Spectroscopies
R. Golnak, J. Xiao, K. Atak, J. S. Stevens, A. Gainar, S. L. M. Schroeder & E. F. Aziz
Physical Chemistry – Chemical Physics 17 (2015), accepted.
DOI: 10.1039/C5CP04529K
Fenton-Like Oxidation of 4−Chlorophenol: Homogeneous or Heterogeneous?
C.-C. Kuan, S.-Y. Chang, S. L. M. Schroeder
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 54 (2015) 8122–8129.
DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.5b02378
Gold Deposition at a Free-Standing Liquid/Liquid Interface, Evidence for the Formation of Au(I) by Microfocus X-ray Spectroscopy (μXRF and μXAFS) and Cyclic Voltammetry
S. G. Booth, A. Uehara, S.-Y. Chang, J. F. W. Mosselmans, S. L. M. Schroeder, R. A. W. Dryfe
Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119 (2015) 16785–16792.
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b05127
Synthesis of Polyurea-Polyether Core Shell Nanoparticles via Spontaneous Nanoprecipitation
P. Locatelli, S. Woutters, C. Lindsay, S. L. M. Schroeder, J. H. Hobdell & A. Saiani
RSC Advances 5 (2015) 41668-41676.
DOI: 10.1039/c5ra03662c
Structure and Bonding in Au(I) Chloride Species: A Critical Examination of X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) Data
S.-Y. Chang, A. Uehara, S. G. Booth, K. Ignatyev, J. F. W. Mosselmans, R. A. W. Dryfe, S. L. M. Schroeder
RSC Advances 5 (2015) 6912-6918.
DOI: 10.1039/C4RA13087A
Proton Transfer, Hydrogen Bonding, and Disorder: Nitrogen NEXAFS and XPS of Bipyridine-Acid Salts and Co-crystals
J. S. Stevens, L. K. Newton, C. Jaye, C. A. Muryn, D. A. Fischer & S. L. M. Schroeder
Crystal Growth & Design 15 (2015) 1776-1783.
DOI: 10.1021/cg5018278
Self-Association of Organic Solutes in Solution: A NEXAFS Study of Aqueous Imidazole
M. J. Thomason, C. R. Seabourne, B. M. Sattelle, G. A. Hembury, J. S. Stevens, A. J. Scott, E. F. Aziz & S. L. M. Schroeder
Faraday Discussions 179 (2015) 269-289..
DOI: 10.1039/C5FD00005J
Chemical Speciation and Bond Lengths of Organic Solutes by Core Level
Spectroscopy: pH- and Solvent-Influence on p-Aminobenzoic Acid

J. S. Stevens, A. Gainar, E. Suljoti, J. Xiao, R. Golnak, E. F. Aziz & S. L. M. Schroeder
Chemistry – A European Journal 21 (2015) 7256-7263.
DOI: 10.1002/chem.201405635

Congratulations, Josh!

News came through today that our team member Josh Goldberg has been awarded a PhD degree for his research on the “Detection and Removal of Degradation Products from Liquid Systems”. Congratulations, Josh!

Congratulations Chris!

Congratulations are in order to our group member Chris Maher, who passed his PhD viva today subject to only minor corrections to his dissertation entitled “OPTIONS FOR TREATMENT OF LEGACY AND ADVANCED NUCLEAR FUELS”.

Paper comparing peptide surface functionalisation methods for poly-caprolactone

We have published an XPS study comparing two methods for poly-caprolactone surface functionalisation with cell-binding RGD peptides.

Immobilisation of Cell-Binding Peptides on Poly-ε-Caprolactone (PCL) Films: A Comparative XPS Study of Two Chemical Surface Functionalisation Methods
J.S. Stevens, A.C. de Luca, S. Downes, G. Terenghi, S.L.M. Schroeder
Surface and Interface Analysis (2014) early view.